Biotechnologie gy trcnchyboy 110R5pR 17, 2011 4 pagcs Biotechnology Maxime Vayssettes Bi010gy 02/11/2011 Introduction: For the introduction I Will speak about the biotechnology in general. he biotechnology (or biotech) is the technology of the biology, this one is the use of the organisms alive or parts of organisms for win products for the benefice ofthe humanity. The biotechnology is usuall u sed far biolo biochemist, genetic, Sw p to page agriculture, engende This science had bee se PACE 1 ora in the history of activ s like some drinks or the d The biotechnology h rar ce the beginning of bread and of domestic animals. time because of bacteria or yeast to convert products naturals like milk or grape in some products fermented (yoghurt or wine or beer). In the industry of alimentation, production ofwine and beer there is so much practices of biotechnology. Biotechnology: There are both kinds of biotechnology the modern one and the traditional one- The modern biotechnology is variety of techniques of the investigation in biology molecular, which one can be used in every industry that use microorganisms or plants and animals cells. This ne permit the transformation of agricultu agriculture.

Its importants too for industries based

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in carbon, like energy, chimics products and pharmaceutical. Biotechnological emerged innovation in the productive sector , the new biotechnology developments originate in research centers, generally located within universities. The new biotechnologies can be grouped in four categories: 1- Techniques for culture cells and tissues. 2- Processes biotechnology, more about fermentation, including immobilization of enzyme. 3- Techniques that apply to the selection of microbiology and ell culture and microorganisms. – Techniques for manipulation, modification and transfer of genetic material Although the four groups complement between there, there is a important difference between the three firsts and the last one. The first is based on knowledge of the characteristics and performance and microorganisms and the use of these, to get specifics objectives in the accomplishment of new products or processes. The big potential of the final group derive from the ability to manipulate the structural and functional characteristics f organisms and practical application of this ability to surpass naturals limits in the development of new products.

From some differents technologies can be grouped as part of biotechnology in the Six groups: • Tissue and technologies can be grouped as part of biotechnology in the Six groups: • Tissue and cell cultures for: fast micro propagation «in vitro ‘ plant, obtain strong crop reproduction by crossing expansive • The use of enzymes or microbial fermentation for the conservation of raw materials defined as substrates for certain roducts, the recovery of these products, their separation from fermentation broths and its final purification.

Technology of the «hybridism», which refers to the production, from «clones» of antibodies very specific action are called «monoclonal» antibodies. • Enginery of proteins, which one Include changing the structure of the proteins to get better their performances or for the production of new proteins. • Enginery technological of genetic or «DNA» which one is the introduction of a «DNA» hybrid, contains the genes of interest for ertain purpose, to permit agencies to increase certain specific products, for example these enzymes, hormones or much other type of proteins or organisms.

Bioinformatics is about methods based on proteins utilization in electronic staff, especially biological sensors and «biochps» and «microchips» biological, able for logic and memory. Unlike the first classification, the second refers also to the economic activities that make use of these technologies. The 3Lvf4 second refers also to the economic activities that make use of these technologies. The new biotechnology creates new rocesses and new products in various areas of the economy.

Since these processes are based on the same principles, in every sector, this introduces a degree of flexibility, which one permit mobilio,’ between different sectors. For example, fermentation processes can be applied to production, alcohol or antibiotics such as penicillin. Or a small size for the production of amino acids or in the pharmaceutical industry. This facilitates the mobility of productive factors and impacts on the note of the force work. Even if you must adapt to this new techn0100′ may at he same time get better simplicity of use.

Concluson: The biotechnology has no limit at to discover and search in organisms. Its important too for the humanity because of the new combination or modifications that can be executed in every living creature. We consume it more than we think, for example we might have some fruits or vegetables genetically modified which one can be dangerous for the human being, they could be drinks or food or medications. In conclusion biotechnology can be the solution for many things but it must be treated with much care.